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January 23, 2020 | Guest Post: Sayan Das
The iconic architectural splendor of India is a perfect example of its gold past. The emperors of history left the impression of their rule in the form of classical relics that speak much about their king. The architectural heritage of this country is the ancient asset that needs to be preserved with utmost care so that it can succeed with future generations. Traveling these historical places will mesmerize you for sure.
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If you look at the different monuments located in India, one thing that comes to the fore is that the style of these buildings, which has a glimpse of different civilizations and cultures. So today we are telling you about ten such monuments which attract the nation in terms of art and architecture and are the center of the curiosity of the people.
This Indian monument is located on the banks of river Yamuna in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh state. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his begum Mumtaz. It was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and it is also included in the list of seven wonders of the world.
The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it with red sandstone. Due to the red color of its walls, it is called 'Red Fort'. In 2007, it was included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The foundation of its building was laid by Qutbuddin Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, but its construction was completed by Iltutmish. It is the tallest building in the world made of brick. It is included in UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
This memorial has been constructed at Rajpath in Delhi, the capital of India. Its design was designed by Sir Edward Lutyens. It was built in memory of Indian soldiers who died in World War II. About 13,300 martyred soldiers are written here.
Hawa Mahal is located in the Jaipur district of Rajasthan. This is one of the famous places to visit in Rajasthan. It is a very beautiful building of five floors. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1798 AD. The design of this palace was designed by the architect Lal Chand Usta.
Charminar, which is considered to be a special identity of Hyderabad, was built in 1591 by Mohammad Quli Qutb Shahi. When the city was in turmoil due to the epidemic, they built it in the memorial to control the evil demonic forces. Today this historic building has gained worldwide buzz.
It is located in Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh state. It was built by Emperor Ashoka the Great, ruler of the Maurya dynasty. Some relics related to Lord Buddha were kept in this memorial. This monument is considered a symbol of love, peace, faith, and courage.
It is one of the historical heritage sites located in the city of Lucknow, the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was built by Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784 AD in memory of the martyrdom of Marhum Hussain Ali. This Imambara is built in the Iranian style.
This mausoleum is located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. This mausoleum was built by Mughal Emperor Azam Shah in memory of his mother Dilraj Banu Begum. This tomb is also called the Taj of the South because of its comparison with the Taj Mahal. The design of this mausoleum was prepared by Ataullah.
This magnificent and beautiful fort is located in the Bikaner district of Rajasthan state. There are seven gates to enter inside this fort. It was built by King Jai Singh. The city of Bikaner is situated around this fort. There are two royal temples of Lord Lakshmi Narayan and Lord Krishna in this fort.
The Gateway of India is located along the sea in the south of Mumbai, the economic city of India. This gateway of 26 meters height was built in 1911 AD to commemorate the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary in India. Its design was designed by George Winant.
A trip to Mumbai is incomplete without you taking a photo with the Gateway of India in the background. The Gateway of India is close to the buyers' paradise Causeway and some of the famous restaurants in South Mumbai such as Badi Miyan, Cafe Mondegar and the famous Cafe Leopold.
One of the most famous sights of Kolkata is the Victoria Memorial, which is a unique blend of European architecture and Mughal forms. The Victoria Memorial is a tribute to the British Raj in India, one of the most magnificent monuments in India. Spread over 64 acres, it is a white marble domed structure. It was opened to the general public in 1921, it also has some photographs of the royal family. Apart from these priceless performances, tourists come here to see the beautiful structure of the Victoria Memorial.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus or Victoria Terminus is a historic railway station. This massive structure is one of the 32 World Heritage Sites of India listed by UNESCO. Victoria Terminus is the busiest railway station in Mumbai city of India and also the headquarters of Central Railway. It is one of the top 25 historical monuments located in Maharashtra. It was built in 1887 to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria.
The palace of Mysore is the second most famous historical monument in India. Mysore Palace is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city along with Chamundi Hills. It took nearly 15 years for the Maharaja of Mysore to construct this unprecedented structure. It is a three-story structure. It is also known as Amba Vilas, which is surrounded by domes with square towers. The original structure crashed in 1897, therefore, it was rebuilt in the year 1912 by the 24th Wadair King.
Harmandir Sahib, known as the Golden Temple, is a gurudwara located in Amritsar, Punjab. Sri Darbar is the holiest shrine and the most famous pilgrimage place for Sikhs. Harmandir Sahib is one of the holiest places in India!
This post was written and contributed by Sayan, a Ph.D. student of History and also a passionate traveler.
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